Pew Marine Conservation Fellowship

updated on Shiretoko Song (by Hisaya Morishige)
What's new? My Japanese Shiretoko Site MCBI

Development of adaptive ecosystem management and co-management plan in a marine world natural heritage, Shiretoko

Hiroyuki Matsuda (Yokohama National University), co-working with Yasunori Sakurai (Hokkaido University), Mitsutaku Makino (National Research Institute of Fisheries Sciences)

What did I do for Shiretoko as a Pew Fellow?
1. We will develop the Marine Management Plan for Shiretoko World Natural Heritage (SWH), Japan, as a case study of adaptive marine ecosystem management and co-management of coastal fisheries. --- I contributed the revised plan in 2009 (see the English version) and in 2013 (unpublished). The co-management activities in Shiretoko was selected as one of "Impact Stories" by the IASC.
2. We verify what species and factors are monitored, how these data are evaluated, and how the benchmarks specified by the ecosystem management are sought. --- We published an article in Biol.Cons 2009 and uploaded the database. This idea was adpoted the revised Plan in 2013.
3. We will establish the monitoring system including an English/Japanese web site. ---database (see articles in Biol.Cons 2009 and Gl. Env. Res, 2012).
4. We will also survey co-management in Shiretoko Fisheries Associations (SFAs). --- We made an in-dept report (Makino et al. 2009 and 2012, see also a narrative UNU site)
5. We will survey and investigate the role and effect of co-management on ecosystem management. --- Not only fishers, but also tour guides willingly cooperated to conserve marine birds (see a Japanese site by Shiretoko World Heritage Center, YouTube). Now Japanese Ministry of Environment encourages (and pay grant if necessary) co-management by local stakeholders, rather than top-down regulation. And they well acknowledged Scientists' effort (see page 2 of PDF)
6. We will propose some additional adaptive management actions if necessary. --- We made the bear management plan in Shiretoko and its vicinity (I was a chair of the working group). We published a management model (Ohta et al. 2012 Ecol Model)
7. These are important experiences to establish adaptive ecosystem management under the international interest by UNESCO and the commitment by Japan Governmentfs proposal to SWH. --- After our success in Shiretoko, Japan Ministry of Environment organized Scientific Councils in all natural world heritages. I became a council menber of Yakushima World Heritage. We established Amur-Okhotsk Consortium for further collaboration of Japanese, Russian, Chinese and Mongolian ecologists.
The Shiretoko Peninsula in Japan was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2005 because of its importance in providing habitat to a number of endangered and endemic species marine and terrestrial species. Hiroyuki Matsuda, the first Pew Fellow from Japan, is using his fellowship to develop a Marine Management Plan for the Shiretoko World Heritage (SWH) site. The project is in response to a request by UNESCO that called for a marine ecosystem management plan for the SWH by 2008. Matsuda's project will serve as a case study for adaptive management of marine ecosystems and co-management of coastal fisheries. He and his colleagues (Prof. Yasunori Sakurai, Dr. Mitsutaku Makino and others) will determine which species and factors will be monitored, how these data will be evaluated, and how the benchmarks specified by ecosystem managers will be sought.

Draft foodweb in Shiretoko Marine Area (under construction)
The group will accomplish these goals by first choosing interim indicators and benchmarks of ecosystem management. For example, the total population size of Steller sea lions and the number of individuals that visit the SWH area, the local population size of several sea birds, including Steller sea eagles, and the size of walleye Pollack stock will be used as benchmarks. Matsuda will then build a mathematical and bio-economic model that includes several important species and incorporates stochasticity and uncertainty. The group will monitor some indicators that are not already being monitored by the SWH office, such as the stomach contents of sea lions and benthic fauna and flora. Monitoring results will be presented on an English/Japanese web site. Finally, the project will include an evaluation the role of co-management activities and their effects on ecosystem management for the Shiretoko Fisheries Association. The team will make recommendations regarding adaptive management actions based on these results.
Matsuda's project will advance the study of adaptive management of marine ecosystems and will challenge the idea that it is not possible to establish appropriate management benchmarks and associated indicators of success to achieve ecosystem objectives. The resulting Marine Management Plan will protect the unique ecosystem and inhabitants of the Shiretoko Peninsula.

What's new?