Development of adaptive ecosystem management and co-management plan in a marine world natural heritage, Shiretoko
Hiroyuki Matsuda (Yokohama National University), co-working with Yasunori Sakurai (Hokkaido University), Mitsutaku Makino (National Research Institute of Fisheries Sciences)
May 9, 2013: I talked "Seafood safety and public policy" in the
public colloqium Fukushima and the Ocean at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution
(my talk appeared from the 45th min. and panel discussion)
What's New Recemt activities English Blog
|What did I do for Shiretoko as a Pew Fellow?
The Shiretoko Peninsula in Japan was designated a UNESCO World Heritage
Site in 2005 because of its importance in providing habitat to a number
of endangered and endemic species marine and terrestrial species. Hiroyuki
Matsuda, the first Pew Fellow from Japan, is using his fellowship to develop a Marine Management Plan for the Shiretoko
World Heritage (SWH) site. The project is in response to a request by UNESCO
that called for a marine ecosystem management plan for the SWH by 2008.
Matsuda's project will serve as a case study for adaptive management of
marine ecosystems and co-management of coastal fisheries. He and his colleagues
(Prof. Yasunori Sakurai, Dr. Mitsutaku Makino and others) will determine which species and factors will be monitored, how these
data will be evaluated, and how the benchmarks specified by ecosystem managers
will be sought.
||We will develop the Marine Management Plan for Shiretoko World Natural
Heritage (SWH), Japan, as a case study of adaptive marine ecosystem management
and co-management of coastal fisheries. --- I contributed the revised plan
in 2009 (see the English version) and in 2013 (unpublished). The co-management activities in Shiretoko
was selected as one of "Impact Stories" by the IASC.
||We verify what species and factors are monitored, how these data are evaluated,
and how the benchmarks specified by the ecosystem management are sought.
--- We published an article in Biol.Cons 2009 and uploaded the database. This idea was adpoted the revised Plan in 2013.
||We will establish the monitoring system including an English/Japanese web
site. ---database (see articles in Biol.Cons 2009 and Gl. Env. Res, 2012).
||We will also survey co-management in Shiretoko Fisheries Associations (SFAs).
--- We made an in-dept report (Makino et al. 2009 and 2012, see also a narrative UNU site)
||We will survey and investigate the role and effect of co-management on ecosystem management. --- Not only fishers, but also tour guides willingly cooperated to conserve marine birds (see a Japanese site by Shiretoko World Heritage Center, YouTube). Now Japanese Ministry of Environment encourages (and pay grant if necessary)
co-management by local stakeholders, rather than top-down regulation. And
they well acknowledged Scientists' effort (see page 2 of PDF)
||We will propose some additional adaptive management actions if necessary.
--- We made the bear management plan in Shiretoko and its vicinity (I was a chair of the working group). We published a management model (Ohta et al. 2012 Ecol Model)
||These are important experiences to establish adaptive ecosystem management
under the international interest by UNESCO and the commitment by Japan
Governmentfs proposal to SWH. --- After our success in Shiretoko, Japan
Ministry of Environment organized Scientific Councils in all natural world
heritages. I became a council menber of Yakushima World Heritage. We established Amur-Okhotsk Consortium for further collaboration of Japanese, Russian, Chinese and Mongolian
Draft foodweb in Shiretoko Marine Area (under construction)
|The group will accomplish these goals by first choosing interim indicators
and benchmarks of ecosystem management. For example, the total population
size of Steller sea lions and the number of individuals that visit the
SWH area, the local population size of several sea birds, including Steller
sea eagles, and the size of walleye Pollack stock will be used as benchmarks.
Matsuda will then build a mathematical and bio-economic model that includes
several important species and incorporates stochasticity and uncertainty.
The group will monitor some indicators that are not already being monitored
by the SWH office, such as the stomach contents of sea lions and benthic
fauna and flora. Monitoring results will be presented on an English/Japanese
web site. Finally, the project will include an evaluation the role of co-management
activities and their effects on ecosystem management for the Shiretoko
Fisheries Association. The team will make recommendations regarding adaptive
management actions based on these results.
Matsuda's project will advance the study of adaptive management of marine
ecosystems and will challenge the idea that it is not possible to establish
appropriate management benchmarks and associated indicators of success
to achieve ecosystem objectives. The resulting Marine Management Plan will
protect the unique ecosystem and inhabitants of the Shiretoko Peninsula.
What's new? Recemt activities English Blog
- Oct. 18, 2013: I organized "Future Earth: Ideas for international integrated research for global sustainability" in the 2013 Pew Fellows Program in Marine Conservation Annual Meeting, Ireland
- Sep. 9, 2013: I was a panelist of the session "New Bridges between Ecology and Society - Japanese and European Experiences
at the Science-Policy Interface" in The 43rd Annual Conference of Ecological Society of Germany, Austria and Switzerland, Potsdam
- Aug. 30, 2013: I explained "Impact of the Fukushima accident on the marine environment"
for Committee on Industry, Research and Energy, European Parliament, Europa
House, Azabu, Tokyo; with Mitsuo Uematsu et al.
- May 9, 2013: I talked "Seafood safety and public policy" in the public colloqium Fukushima and the Ocean at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (my talk appeared on 45th min. and panel discussion)
- Now we are planning to get a big project, collaborated with other ecologists
(Tohoku U, Kyushu U), The Society of Environmental Economics and Policy Studies, and The Japanese Association for Environmental Sociology. We organize a symposium on April 23, 2013.
- I got a JSPS grant "Regulatory Science in Ecological Risks" (during 2013-2014) with H.Oikawa, S.Nakai, K.Fujie, W.Naito and I.Kawaguchi.
- Dec. 9: I talked "Living harmony with nature: fisheries co-management
in Shiretoko World Heritage" in the Pew Fellows in Marine Conservation
Annual Meeting 2012, Panama,
- Sep. 26: I talked "Fisheries co-management in Shiretoko World Heritage"
in International Conference of Marine Environmental Governance, Kaohsiung,
- Sep. 17: I talked "Disseminating the local wisdom to the world: from Shiretoko fishers' viewpoints" in the kickoff symposium of The Integrated Environmental Knowledge Project by RIHN (mpg in Japanese with English interpretation English PDF)
- Sep. 10: I talked "Integrated Local Environmental Knowledge and Involvement
of Local Stakeholders in Shiretoko and Yakushima World Heritages",in
the World Conservation Congress, Jeju, Korea,
- March 20: I received The 10th Ecological Society of Japan Award (Japanese, English, Chinese)
- Makino M, Matsuda H, Sakurai Y (2012) Expanding fisheries co-management to ecosystem-based
management: A case in the Shiertoko World Natural Heritage area. Convention on Biological Diversity Technical Series 61:18-23 see also UNU site.
- Jan. 28: I talked "Why is Shiretoko World Heritage highly evaluated in the world?" as keynote in Shiretoko-Shari Municipality Hall (in Japanese mpg)
- DIVERSITAS Scientific Committee (2012) Biodiversity and ecosystems for
a planet under pressure. Rio+20 Policy Brief #4:1-8
- Dec. 3: I talked "Fisheries co-management in Shiretoko World Heritage,
Perspective of the Integrated Coastal Zone Management" in Inamori
Memorial Hall, Kyoto University
- Matsuda H (2011) 5-5 Risk and resource management. Osaki M, Braimoh A,
Nakagami K (eds) "Designing Our Future: Local Perspectives on Bioproduction, Ecosystems and
- Makino M, Matsuda H (2011) Ecosystem-based management in the Asia-Pacific
area. In Ommar R, Perry I, Cury P, and Cochrane K, (Ed.s) Fish and Aquatic Resorces Series 14: World Fisheries - A Social-Ecological Analysis, Wiley-Blackwells :322-333
- The International Association for the Study of the Commons selected Shiretoko
episode "Co-management in Japanese coastal fisheries" as one
of the 6 "Impact Stories" in 2010.
- The 10th Meeting of the Conference of Convention on Biological Diversity
(CBD/COP10) agreed the Aichi Target, including "other effective area-based conservation measures"
in target 11. and deleted the concept of "maximum sustainable yield"
in target 6. COP10 also agreed Satoyama Initiative that refers to UNESCO's MAB programme.
- Sakurai Y, Makino M, Matsuda H (2010) Sustainable fisheries in Shiretoko. Business.2010 (Convention on Biological Diversity Business Newsletter) 5(3) :32-33
- Matsuda H, Makino M, Tomiyama M, Gelcich S, Castilla JC (2010) Fishery management in Japan. Ecol Res 25:899-907
- News Commentary - Angle "IWC",
NHK Radio Japan,June 18.
- I got a JSPS grant "Ecology and economy in wildlife population risk managements"(2010-2013) with K.Kotani, F.Koike and S.Managi.
- I established the Society for Conservation of Fisheries Resources and Marine Environment (CoFRaME) and gave about 10 research projects.
- Hiroyuki Koshoji(2009) News Commentary -
Angle "Can the Decline of Atlantic Bluefin
Tuna be Halted", NHK Radio Japan Nov. 16
- Nov. 8: Matsuda H: On the gJapan-Russia
Cooperation on the Conservation of Ecosystemsh,
International Symposium on Environmental Conservation of The Sea of Okhotsk:
Cooperation between Japan, China and Russia, Conference Hall of Hokkaido University, Sapporo,(Japanese blog)
- Nov. 8: Joint Commuque by Japanese, Russian and Chinese Scientists for
Conservation of Environment in the Sea of Okhotsk see here for (photo Japanese Chinese Russian English)
- Oct. 31: Panelist for The International Cosmos Prize for 2009 Commemorative Symposium gConservation and Sustainable Use of Biodiversity and Ecosystemh
- Oct. 28: Matsuda H, Yahara T, Fujita T: Quantitative projection of plant
species loss for 1697 taxa of Japanese vascular plants and its implication
for achieving the 2010 biodiversity target, Australia-Japan Workshop on
Biodiversity , Shine Dome, Canberra,
- Oct. 16: Matsuda H, Yahara T, Fujita T: Quantitative projection of plant
species loss for 1697 taxa of Japanese vascular plants and its implication
for achieving the 2010 biodiversity target, The 2nd DIVERSITAS Open Science
Conference (DIVERSITAS OSC2), DIVERSITAS, Cape Town (Panelist for Post2010 Target photo)
- Oct. 9: Matsuda H, Yahara T, Fujita T: Extinction risk assessment of Japanese
vascular plants and hotspot analysis, International Workshop on Quantitative Ecology & 2nd Taiwan-Japan Ecology
Workshop, Conference Center in the Department of Physics, National Taiwan University
- Sep 18: Matsuda H: Can we get more fish? Degradation and recovery of fisheries
resources., International Conference on Science and Technology for Sustainability 2009:
Global Food Security and Sustainability, Science Council of Japan
- Sep 16: Matsuda H: Role of agriculture, forestry and fisheries for biodiversity,
World Resource Forum, Preconference in Nagoya, Ecotopia Institute, Nagoya University
- July 22: Matsuda H: Development of adaptive marine ecosystem management
and co-management plan in Shiretoko World Natural Heritage Site, International
Workshop for Networking Biodiversity Observation Activities in Asia Pacific
Region, Noyori Memorial Hall, Nagoya Univ, Nagoya, Japan
- Matsuda H, Makino M, Sakurai Y (2009) Development of adaptive marine ecosystem management
and co-management plan in Shiretoko World Natural Heritage Site. Biol Cons
- Makino M, Matsuda H, Sakurai Y (2009) Expanding Fisheries Co-management to Ecosystem-based
management:A case in the Shiretoko World Natural Heritage area, Japan.
Marine Policy 33:207-214
- Oyamada S, Ueno Y, Makino M, Kotani K, Matsuda H (2009) Bioeconomic assessment of size separators
in Pacific saury fishery. Fisheries Science
:273-283 Award of Fisheries Science.
- April 28 - May 5: Visit Santiago, collaboration
with Pew Fellow Juan Carlos
- I became the chair of Japan MAB (the Man and the Biosphere) Coordinating
- Mar. 8: Japan-Russia Symposium for Okhotsk Ecosystem Conservation, Prince
Hotel, Sapporo, Japan (in Japanese)
- Nov. 6-10 Pew Marine Conservation Fellowship Annual Meeting. Workshop:
"Spatial coastal and oceanic management and conservation in Japan:
Long traditions and modern challengers"
- Nov. 4: I joined the 1st Meeting of Integrated Assessment of Biodiversity
Committee (Japan Ministry of Environment) for preparation of CoP10 CBD
- Matsuda H, Makino M, Kotani K: Optimal fishing policies that maximize sustainable
ecosystem services, The 5th World Fisheries Congress "Fisheries for Global Wellfare and
Environmental Conservation" in Yokohama, 24 October 2008
- Oct. 22. I talked "Biodiversity assessment and CoML" in Diversity of Marine biology and the role of Census of Marine Life, JAMSTEC|YNU Mini-Symposium
- Oct. 20-24: The 5th World Fisheries Congress (I organized Session 7 as a Local Program Committee Member)
- Oct. 18 Matsuda H: "Asian viewpoints in eco-risk management - deer and sealions management
in Shiretoko World Heritage", Population and ecosystem risk management: Frontiers in terrestrial
and marine systems, 24th Annual Meeting of the Society for Populaiton Ecology,
13:00`15:30, Oct 18 2008, U. of Tokyo
- Oct. 6 Comment on: Increasing cull limit of Steller sea lions in Japan (see also 2008-07-09, 2008-06-28, I am a member of the Sea Lion Management Working Group by Fisheries Agency
- Sept. 14: The Opinion by Asahi Newspaper that referred to fisheries co-management of Shiretoko and recommend reform
of offshore fisheries. (see also 2008-09-142008-09-05, 2008-08-30, 2008-08-28)
- Aug. 5: I visited MCBI Seattle and talked in a seminar "Development of marine management
plan in a World Natural Heritage, Shiretoko, Japan"
- June 5. IUCN/UNESCO encouraged a bottom-up approach in Shiretoko World
Heritage (report Japanese)
- May 20: I joined Japan-Russia Scientists Meeting for Ecosystem Conservation
- April: I became an advisor of NIssui Co.Ltd for Environmental Assessment
- March: The mission team of IUCN/UNESCO applauds the bottom up approach
to management through the involvement of local communities and local
stake-holders, and also the way in which scientific knowledge has been
effectively applied to the management of the property through the overall
Scientific Committee, and wrote that these provide an excellent model for the management of natural World Heritage
sites elsewhere." in "Report of the reactive monitoring mission, Shiretoko Natural World Heritage
- Mar. 10: I co-chaired the Meeting for Shiretoko World Heritage Monitoring
- Mar: I published a Japanese textbook "Ecological RIsk Science" (Kyoritsu, Tokyo).
- Feb. 20-22: I talked the presentation for the IUCN/UNESCO inscription members
for Shiretoko World Heritage at Shiretoko.